Typically, the goal of growing weed is to have a large yield when it comes time to harvest. Whether you’re growing indoor or outdoor herb, light is one of the essential aspects of your grow. The light your plants get throughout their entire life cycle will have a tremendous impact on how much they weed they produce.
There are two major cycles of growing marijuana. These are the vegetative stage (when plants are growing) and the flowering stage (when plants produce flowers or buds).
Being able to manipulate a plant’s light schedule makes it possible to achieve higher yields when it comes time to harvest. When plants are in the vegetative stage, the more light they receive the larger they will grow.
Even when growing outdoors, many growers will start their plants inside to ensure they can grow as large as possible. When in veg, plants should be kept under grow lights for a minimum of 18 hours (commonly known as 18/6). Some growers will keep plants under 24 hours of light during this time (known as 24/0) to allow their plants to grow as big as possible.
Marijuana plants don’t begin to flower until they begin to receive 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness. Until then, they’ll continue to stay in the vegetative stage. You can essentially keep your plants in veg forever as long as they’re receiving 13 hours or more of light each day.
Indoor Vegetative Light Period for Maximum Yields
Growing your plants indoors means you get to manipulate your environment as much as you want. When growing indoors, you can essentially keep your plants in the vegetative stage as long as you desire by keeping plants under light 18-24 hours each day.
It’s important to keep in mind however that it’s not just your light schedule during veg that will ensure a bigger yield come harvest. Some strains, such as Jack Herer and Northern Lights, simply produce more weed. And if you’re growing inside and don’t have high ceilings and a well-maintained grow room, your plants aren’t likely to get as big as you’d like them to be. Big plants with big yields need plenty of space to grow.
That being said, they also need plenty of light to reach their maximum potential. This is why some growers give their plants 24 hours of light each day. Stick with 18-24 hours of light during the vegetative stage and your plants will reach their maximum potential before it’s time to manipulate the light schedule to make them flower.
Outdoor Vegetative Light Period for Maximum Harvest
Many growers will start their grow indoors under lights before moving their plants outside to grow naturally under the sun. Starting seeds or cutting clones in March or April and keeping them under 18-24 hours of light until they’re moved outside in early May or June is common.
If you are growing outdoors, it’s vital you keep your plants inside until all danger of freezing temperatures is over. The last thing you want is for a late-spring snowstorm or sudden drop to freezing temperature to kill your plants. Once all danger of a cold snap has passed, plants will remain in veg outdoors from late spring until late summer.
Until plants have 12 hours of complete, uninterrupted darkness they will stay in the vegetative stage. They only begin to flower when they’re exposed to 12 hours or more of darkness each day.
Light Cycle for Indoor Flowering Period
When growing indoors, growers will typically put plants on a schedule of 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness (12/12) once plants have reached the desired size during the vegetative period. On average, growers veg indoor plants for 4-8 weeks under an 18/6 or 24/0 light period.
The key to growing indoor cannabis is mimicking what happens in nature. When grown outdoors, cannabis starts to produce flowers (buds) when the days begin to become shorter and they receive at least 12 hours of total darkness. All that’s needed to do this is to switch your light schedule from 18-24 hours of “sunlight” each day to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness.
Light Cycle for Outdoor Flowering Period
If you’re growing outdoors, all you need to do is let nature do its thing. When grown outdoors, cannabis will naturally start flowering on their own. This typically happens after June 21st, when days begin to become shorter.
This isn’t to say your plant will stop growing and only produce flower at this point. On average, plants will double in height after the begin the flowering stage both indoors and out. When growing outdoors, however, it’s extremely important plants aren’t exposed to light during the 12 hours they’re supposed to be in darkness. Even streetlights or floodlights can disrupt the flowering period. So, if you’ve got that neighbor who leaves on a floodlight all night that shines on your plants, you might want to see if they’d be willing to put it on a sensor.
Things to Keep in Mind for Light Schedules and Maximizing Your Yield
Whether you’re planning on growing indoors or outdoors, knowing the best light schedule to follow will help maximize your yield in the end. If you’re growing inside and height and space are not a big issue, letting your plants stay in the vegetative stage on an 18/6 or 24/0 light schedule for at least 60 days (8 weeks) is your best bet to grow the most bud.
If you’re growing outdoors, keep them inside on an 18/6 or 24/0 light schedule until all danger of frost and freezing temperatures are over and you can safely take them outside. Once they’re outside all you need to do is let nature do its thing as the sun rises and sets each day on its own.
Once the vegetative and flower stages are over (anywhere from 3-6 months), it’s time to reap what you’ve sown and harvest those big, beautiful buds.